Myanmar or the Republic of the Union of Myanmar is a Southeast Asian sovereign state which was known as Burma until 2003. The borers of Myanmar touch Bangladesh and India on its west and Laos and Thailand on its east. In north and northwest it is connected with China. Nearly one third of its borderline is surrounded with Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal in its south. According to 2014 consensus Myanmar has population up to 51 million which is supposed to increase up to 55 million by 2018. Total area of this country is nearly 261,228 square miles or 676,578 square km. earlier its capital was Rangoon or Yangon but at present Nay Pyi Taw is its capital. Since 1997, Myanmar is the member of ASEAN or the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
Capital of Myanmar
Nay Pyi Taw is the official capital of Myanmar since the day, 27th March, 2003, it was officially announced but from 6th November, 2005 it became administrative capital of this country. In Burmese, lateral meaning of Nay Pyi Taw is royal capital city’ or the city of throne’. This Myanmar capital is located between the mountain Shan Yoma and mountain Bago Yoma. In the north it is 400 km away from Yangon and in the west Pyinmana town is nearly 3 km away. The total area of this Myanmar capital city is about 7,000 square km. It was the base of the anti-fascist forces of Japan which resisted Burmese forces in WWII. Though up to 2009, the total population of this city was nearly 925 thousand but today it is the third most populated city of Myanmar.
Reason to make Nay Pyi Taw new capital of Myanmar
The process of making Nay Pyi Taw the capital of Myanmar started in 2002 when 25 construction companies were engaged to start constructing administrative buildings. On 11th November, 2005, 11 federal government ministries and 11 military battalions left old capital to get settled in the new capital. And by the end of December 2009 all the branches of central government moved completely to Nay Pyi Taw. There are various views about the shifting of Myanmar capital from Yangon to Nay Pyi Taw. According to the viewpoint of central government of Myanmar small size and congested environment of Yangon was the main reason of this shifting. According to others’ views strategic location of this city was the main reason to make it the capital of Myanmar. The fear of facing aggression in future was the main reason behind the change of capital, according to another viewpoint, as Yangon was close to coastline of the country which can be dangerous anytime. According to some others, the vast area of Nay Pyi Taw can prevent the country from changing its political capital in near future. However, whatever be the reason of shifting the capital, the infrastructure of new capital is designed to be the best for the urban defense.